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Body & Electrical • Instrumentation/Driver Info • Combination Meter System • Inspection 2013 Subaru Forester

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System

INSPECTION

1. SELF-DIAGNOSIS

The self-diagnosis (checking of each meter, warning light, indicator light, illumination, LCD) of combination meter can be performed in the following procedure.

CAUTION:

Perform the steps described in 2) through 4) within 10 seconds.

1. Within 3 seconds after turning the ignition switch to ON, set the lighting switch to tail light or headlight position.

2. Press the odo/trip meter knob three times.

3. Turn the lighting switch to OFF, and press the odo/trip meter knob three times.

4. Set the lighting switch to tail light or headlight position again, and press the odo/trip meter knob three times.

NOTE:

• When pressing the odo/trip meter knob four times, the display changes to DTC display mode. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

• Warning light, indicator light, and LCD display checks are performed when self-diagnosis is performed. After this, every time the odo/trip meter knob is pressed, the buzzer will sound for 0.5 seconds, and operation checks for meter operation, meter readings, and the LCD are performed in this order. Turn the ignition switch to OFF to cancel the self-diagnosis function.

• The self-diagnosis function is not canceled if the engine is started during diagnosis. However, the self-diagnosis function is canceled automatically for safety when you start to drive the vehicle.

5. Go to “Check meter indicator operation”.

Check meter operation, warning light, indicator light, and LCD.

NOTE:

• “dIAGS.1” (model with normal meter) or “_S_1” (model with luminescent meter) is displayed on the LCD for one second. After that, the meter indicator operation check mode is initiated.

• Each of the meter indicator operation display and LCD display switches every 6 seconds.

Meter indicator

LCD display, illumination

Warning light,

indicator light

MIN indication

?

MAX indication

ILL1 (Min. brightness)

?*4

ILL6 (Max. brightness)

*1, *2, *3

MAX indication

?

MIN indication

ILL6 (Max. brightness)

?*4

ILL1 (Min. brightness)

*1: Warning lights and indicator lights controlled by the meter drive circuit are illuminated. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > General Description > SPECIFICATION

*2: Warning lights and indicator lights controlled by other module are turned on/off according to the module control. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > General Description > SPECIFICATION

*3: Engine coolant temperature warning light illuminates in red. (model with normal meter)

*4: Display for one second for each level

6. Press the odo/trip meter knob once.

7. Go to “Meter Indicator Needle Indication Check”.

Check meter operation, warning light, indicator light, and LCD.

NOTE:

• Meter indicator switches every 1.5 seconds for each indication.

• ILL indication illuminates at the same brightness as when entering “Meter Indicator Needle Indication Check”.

• During operation, “dIAGS.2” (model with normal meter) or “_S_2” (model with luminescent meter) is displayed on the LCD.

Model with normal meter

Speedometer

(km/h)

Tachometer

(rpm)

Fuel gauge

Fuel level warning light

Warning light,

indicator light

0

0

Lowest point

Light ON

*1, *2, *3

0

0

E

Light ON

40

1000

1/2

Light OFF

100

4000

F

Light OFF

40

1000

1/2

Light OFF

0

0

E

Light ON

Model with luminescent meter

Speedometer

(km/h)

Tachometer

(rpm)

Engine coolant temperature gauge

ECO gauge

Warning light,

indicator light

0

0

Lowest point

Lowest point

*1, *2

0

0

C

?Max

40

1000

Starting point of the red line

0

100

4000

H

+Max

40

1000

Starting point of the red line

0

0

0

C

?Max

*1: Warning lights and indicator lights controlled by the meter drive circuit turn off. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > General Description > SPECIFICATION

*2: Warning lights and indicator lights controlled by other module are turned on/off according to the module control. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > General Description > SPECIFICATION

*3: Engine coolant temperature indicator light illuminates in blue. (model with normal meter)

8. Press the odo/trip meter knob once.

9. Go to “Check LCD display”.

Check the LCD.

NOTE:

• “dIAGS.3” (model with normal meter) or “_S_3” (model with luminescent meter) is displayed on the LCD for one second. After that, the LCD display check mode is initiated.

• LCD display switches every 1 second.

• Warning lights and indicator lights controlled by the meter drive circuit turn off. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > General Description > SPECIFICATION

• Warning lights and indicator lights controlled by other module are turned on/off according to the module control. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > General Description > SPECIFICATION

• The meter indication remains at the same level as “Meter Indicator Needle Indication Check”.

• ILL indication illuminates at ILL6 level (max. brightness).

• After No. 13 is displayed in the illumination order, display is repeated from No. 1 again. (model with normal meter)

• After No. 14 is displayed in the illumination order, display is repeated from No. 1 again. (model with luminescent meter)

Model with normal meter

2013 Subaru Forester Body & Electrical • Instrumentation/Driver Info • Combination Meter System • Inspection22222555555aonna

Model with luminescent meter

2013 Subaru Forester Body & Electrical • Instrumentation/Driver Info • Combination Meter System • Inspection777cannannoa12

2. SYMPTOM CHART

CAUTION:

When measuring the voltage and resistance of each control module or sensor, use a tapered pin with a diameter of less than 0.64 mm (0.025 in) in order to avoid poor contact. Do not insert the pin more than 2 mm (0.08 in).

Symptoms

Repair order

Note

Combination meter assembly does not operate.

(1) Power supply

(2) Ground circuit

(3) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Speedometer does not operate.

(1) VDC C/M

(2) Harness

(3) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Tachometer does not operate.

(1) ECM

(2) Harness

(3) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Fuel gauge does not operate.

(1) Communication circuit

(2) Harness

(3) Body integrated unit

(4) Fuel level sensor

(5) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Engine coolant temperature gauge or engine coolant temperature indicator light/engine coolant temperature warning light does not operate.

(1) Communication circuit

(2) Engine coolant temperature sensor

(3) Harness

(4) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

ECO gauge does not operate. (model with luminescent meter)

(1) Communication circuit

(2) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

NOTE:

The ECO gauge does not operate unless the vehicle is driven at least 1 km after the trip meter is reset.

Warning buzzer for key left in ignition does not sound.

(1) Communication circuit

(2) Combination meter

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

3. CHECK POWER SUPPLY AND GROUND CIRCUIT

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK POWER SUPPLY FOR COMBINATION METER.

1) Remove the combination meter. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter > REMOVAL

2) Measure the voltage between combination meter connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(i10) No. 1 (+) — Chassis ground (?):

Is the voltage 10 V or more?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Check the harness for open or short between the fuse and combination meter.

2.CHECK POWER SUPPLY FOR COMBINATION METER.

1) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

2) Measure the voltage between combination meter connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(i10) No. 2 (+) — Chassis ground (?):

Is the voltage 10 V or more?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Check the harness for open or short between the ignition switch and combination meter.

3.CHECK GROUND CIRCUIT OF COMBINATION METER.

1) Turn the ignition switch to OFF.

2) Measure the resistance between combination meter connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(i10) No. 21 — Chassis ground:

(i10) No. 22 — Chassis ground:

Is the resistance less than 10 ??

Replace the meter case assembly.

Repair or replace the harness.

4. CHECK VDC CONTROL MODULE

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL.

1) Remove the combination meter mounting screws.

2) Lift up the vehicle and support it with rigid racks.

3) Drive the vehicle faster than 10 km/h (6 MPH).

WARNING:

Be careful not to get caught in the running wheels.

4) Measure the voltage between combination meter connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(i10) No. 31 (+) — Chassis ground (?):

Is the voltage less than 1 V ?? 5 V or more?

Replace the meter case assembly.

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

2.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN VDC CONTROL MODULE AND COMBINATION METER.

1) Turn the ignition switch to OFF.

2) Disconnect the VDC control unit connector and the combination meter connector.

3) Measure the resistance between the VDC control module connector and the combination meter connector.

Connector & terminal

(B310) No. 33 — (i10) No. 31:

Is the resistance less than 10 ??

Check VDC control module. VEHICLE DYNAMICS CONTROL (VDC) (DIAGNOSTICS) > Basic Diagnostic Procedure

Repair or replace the harness.

5. CHECK ENGINE CONTROL MODULE (ECM)

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK ECM SIGNAL.

1) Start the engine.

2) Measure the voltage between ECM connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(B135) No. 15 (+) — Chassis ground (?):

Is the voltage 0 ?? 14 V or more?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Inspect the ECM.

• Non-turbo model: ENGINE (DIAGNOSTICS)(H4DO) > Basic Diagnostic Procedure

• Turbo model: ENGINE (DIAGNOSTICS)(H4DOTC) > Basic Diagnostic Procedure

2.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN COMBINATION METER AND ECM.

1) Turn the ignition switch to OFF.

2) Disconnect the ECM connector and combination meter connector.

3) Measure the resistance between the ECM connector and the combination meter connector.

Connector & terminal

(B135) No. 15 — (i10) No. 32:

Is the resistance less than 10 ??

Replace the meter case assembly.

Repair or replace the harness.

6. CHECK FUEL LEVEL SENSOR

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK COMBINATION METER.

1) Drain fuel.

2) Check the indication status of the fuel gauge in the combination meter.

Does the fuel gauge needle or segment display indicate EMPTY and is the low fuel warning light blinking?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

2.CHECK COMBINATION METER.

Perform the self-diagnosis of combination meter. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Is it operating normally?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Replace the meter case assembly.

3.CHECK DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE (DTC).

1) Prepare the Subaru Select Monitor kit.

2) Turn the ignition switch to ON (engine OFF) and run the “PC application for Subaru Select Monitor”.

3) On «System Selection Menu» display, select {Integ. unit mode}.

4) Select the {Diagnostic Code(s) Display}.

Is DTC being displayed?

Perform the diagnosis according to DTC. LAN SYSTEM (DIAGNOSTICS) > List of Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > LIST

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

4.CHECK HARNESS.

1) Disconnect the body integrated unit connector.

2) Measure the resistance between body integrated unit connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(B281) No. 7 — Chassis ground:

Is the resistance 2 — 96 ??

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

If the step 1 is “Yes”, INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Repair or replace the harness.

5.CHECK COMMUNICATION BETWEEN BODY INTEGRATED UNIT AND METERS.

1) Remove the fuel sub level sensor.

• Non-turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DO) > Fuel Sub Level Sensor > REMOVAL

• Turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DOTC) > Fuel Sub Level Sensor > REMOVAL

2) Short the fuel sub level sensor connector terminal to the chassis ground with approx. 100 ? resistance.

3) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

Terminals

(R59) No. 1 — Chassis ground:

Does the meter needle or segment display indicate EMPTY?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

6.CHECK BODY INTEGRATED UNIT.

1) Retain the condition in step 5.

2) On {Integ. unit mode}, select {Fuel level resistance} using the Subaru Select Monitor.

Is the resistance displayed as approx. 100 ??

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Replace the body integrated unit. SECURITY AND LOCKS > Body Integrated Unit

7.CHECK COMMUNICATION BETWEEN BODY INTEGRATED UNIT AND COMBINATION METERS.

1) Remove the fuel sub level sensor.

• Non-turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DO) > Fuel Sub Level Sensor > REMOVAL

• Turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DOTC) > Fuel Sub Level Sensor > REMOVAL

2) Short the fuel sub level sensor connector terminal to the chassis ground with approx. 2 ? to 6 ? resistance.

3) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

Terminals

(R59) No. 1 — Chassis ground:

Does the meter needle or segment display indicate FULL?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

8.CHECK BODY INTEGRATED UNIT.

1) Retain the condition in step 7.

2) On {Integ. unit mode}, select {Fuel level resistance} using the Subaru Select Monitor.

Is the resistance 2 — 6 ??

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Replace the body integrated unit. SECURITY AND LOCKS > Body Integrated Unit

9.CHECK FUEL SUB LEVEL SENSOR.

1) Remove the fuel sub level sensor.

• Non-turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DO) > Fuel Sub Level Sensor > REMOVAL

• Turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DOTC) > Fuel Sub Level Sensor > REMOVAL

2) Measure the resistance between the fuel sub level sensor connector terminals when the float is in FULL and EMPTY position.

Connector & terminal

(R59) No. 1 — No. 2:

Is the resistance 1.0 to 2.5 ? (FULL) and 61 to 63 ? (EMPTY)?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Replace the fuel sub level sensor.

10.CHECK FUEL LEVEL SENSOR.

1) Remove the fuel level sensor.

• Non-turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DO) > Fuel Level Sensor > REMOVAL

• Turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DOTC) > Fuel Level Sensor > REMOVAL

2) Measure the resistance between the fuel level sensor connector terminals when the float is in FULL and EMPTY position.

Connector & terminal

(R58) No. 1 — No. 4:

Is the resistance 1.0 to 2.5 ? (FULL, non-turbo model), 1.0 to 3.0 ? (FULL, turbo model), and 31 to 33 ? (EMPTY)?

Check the connection status of the harness and connector that may have a temporary poor contact.

Replace the fuel level sensor.

11.CHECK COMBINATION METER OPERATION.

1) Remove the combination meter.

2) Attach the combination meter to another vehicle on which the fuel gauge operates normally to check its operation.

Is the fuel gauge normal?

Replace the body integrated unit. SECURITY AND LOCKS > Body Integrated Unit

Replace the meter case assembly.

7. CHECK ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK COMMUNICATION STATUS.

1) Prepare the Subaru Select Monitor kit.

2) Turn the ignition switch to ON (engine OFF) and run the “PC application for Subaru Select Monitor”.

3) On «System Selection Menu» display, select {Integ. unit mode}.

4) Select the {Diagnostic Code(s) Display}.

Is DTC being displayed?

Perform the diagnosis according to DTC. LAN SYSTEM (DIAGNOSTICS) > List of Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > LIST

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

2.CHECK ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR.

Check the engine coolant temperature sensor.

• Non-turbo model: ENGINE (DIAGNOSTICS)(H4DO) > Basic Diagnostic Procedure

• Turbo model: ENGINE (DIAGNOSTICS)(H4DOTC) > Basic Diagnostic Procedure

Is the engine coolant temperature sensor OK?

Replace the meter case assembly.

Replace the engine coolant temperature sensor.

• Non-turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DO) > Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor > REMOVAL

• Turbo model: FUEL INJECTION (FUEL SYSTEMS)(H4DOTC) > Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor > REMOVAL

8. CHECK ECO GAUGE (MODEL WITH LUMINESCENT METER)

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE (DTC).

1) Prepare the Subaru Select Monitor kit.

2) Turn the ignition switch to ON (engine OFF) and run the “PC application for Subaru Select Monitor”.

3) On «System Selection Menu» display, select {Integ. unit mode}.

4) Select the {Diagnostic Code(s) Display}.

Is a DTC of high-speed CAN detected?

Perform the diagnosis according to DTC. LAN SYSTEM (DIAGNOSTICS) > List of Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > LIST

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

2.CHECK ECO GAUGE.

Perform the self-diagnosis of combination meter. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Does ECO gauge operate properly?

Check the connection status of the harness and connector that may have a temporary poor contact.

Replace the meter case assembly.

9. CHECK WARNING BUZZER FOR KEY LEFT IN IGNITION

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK KEY WARNING SWITCH ALARM.

1) Insert the key into ignition key lock.

2) Open the driver’s side door.

Does the buzzer sound from the meter?

Normal

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

2.CHECK COMMUNICATION STATUS.

1) Prepare the Subaru Select Monitor.

2) On «System Selection Menu» display, select {Integ. unit mode}.

3) On {Current Data Display & Save}, select {key-lock warning SW}.

4) Insert and remove the key.

Does the display change between ON ?? OFF?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Check the ignition circuit. SECURITY AND LOCKS > Ignition Key Lock > INSPECTION

3.CHECK COMMUNICATION STATUS.

1) On {Current Data Display & Save}, select {Driver’s door SW input}.

2) Open and close the door.

Does the display change between ON ?? OFF?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Check the door switch circuit. SECURITY AND LOCKS > Door Lock Control System > INSPECTION

4.CHECK COMMUNICATION STATUS.

1) Turn the ignition switch to ON (engine OFF) and run the “PC application for Subaru Select Monitor”.

2) On «System Selection Menu» display, select {Integ. unit mode}.

3) Select {Diagnostic Code(s) Display}.

Is DTC being displayed?

Perform the diagnosis according to DTC. LAN SYSTEM (DIAGNOSTICS) > List of Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > LIST

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

5.CHECK COMBINATION METER.

Perform the self-diagnosis of combination meter. INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Did the buzzer sound?

INSTRUMENTATION/DRIVER INFO > Combination Meter System > INSPECTION

Replace the meter case assembly.

6.CHECK COMBINATION METER.

1) Remove the combination meter.

2) Attach the buzzer to another vehicle on which the buzzer operates normally to check its operation.

Did the buzzer sound?

Replace the body integrated unit. SECURITY AND LOCKS > Body Integrated Unit

Replace the meter case assembly.

10. DTC DISPLAY MODE

Model with normal meter

The combination meter DTCs can be displayed according to the following procedure.

CAUTION:

Perform the steps described in 2) through 4) within 10 seconds.

1. Within 3 seconds after turning the ignition switch to ON, set the lighting switch to tail light or headlight position.

2. Press the odo/trip meter knob four times.

3. Turn the lighting switch to OFF, and press the odo/trip meter knob four times.

4. Set the lighting switch to tail light or headlight position again, and press the odo/trip meter knob four times.

5. Go to “DTC display mode”.

When the DTC display mode operates, the display is changed every 3 seconds or {ECM}, {TCM}, {ABS/VDC} is displayed cyclically in this order for every press of the trip knob. DTC is displayed in the following table according to type of control module, receiving DTC, DTC detected or No DTC.

Control module

Condition

Display

ECM

Receiving DTC

Trip “A” + “P (Blink)”

DTC detected

Trip “A” + “P xxxx”

No DTC

Trip “A” + “P ----”

TCM

Receiving DTC

Trip “B” + “P (Blink)”

DTC detected

Trip “B” + “P xxxx”

No DTC

Trip “B” + “P ----”

VDC CM

Receiving DTC

Trip “A” + “C (Blink)”

DTC detected

Trip “A” + “C xxxx”

No DTC

Trip “A” + “C ----”

When CAN communication error is occurred

“-----”

NOTE:

• When the engine starts during diagnosis, the self-diagnosis function is not cancelled, however, once ignition switch is turned OFF or the vehicle is driven, the DTC display mode is cancelled automatically for safety.

• When the DTC of individual control modules changes in status from current trouble to past trouble, and the trouble is fixed, the DTC will no longer appear in the combination meter if the engine is started three times or more. In this case, read the DTC using the Subaru Select Monitor.

• Because the MT model is not equipped with a TCM, only “Receiving DTC” is displayed.

Model with luminescent meter

The combination meter DTCs can be displayed according to the following procedure.

CAUTION:

Perform the steps described in 1) through 4) within 10 seconds.

1. Within 3 seconds after turning the ignition switch to ON, set the lighting switch to tail light or headlight position.

2. Press the trip meter knob four times.

3. Turn the lighting switch to OFF, and press the trip meter knob four times.

4. Set the lighting switch to tail light or headlight position again, and press the trip meter knob four times.

5. Go to “DTC display mode”.

NOTE:

• If a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is detected, an input error to meters exists. Check the harness on the body side and related parts.

• Detected diagnostic trouble code (DTC) cannot be cleared.

• When the engine starts during diagnosis, the self-diagnosis function is not cancelled, however, once ignition switch is turned OFF or the vehicle is driven, the DTC display mode is cancelled automatically.

(1) When the DTC display mode operates, the LCD displays whether diagnostic trouble code (DTC) exists.

DTC display

Item

Condition

“--”

-

Normal

“Er”

    2017-02-20 18:48:36    2017-05-11 10:15:01




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